The sporting world faces numerous scandals that leave people perplexed and inquisitive in the mind. There are two types of scandals in cricket games those that touch on the player’s life out of the field and on field scandals. Of the one field, they include match fixing, ball tampering, political protests and drug scandals among others.
Ball tampering is the action of which the fielder illegally changes the condition of the ball. The primary purpose of ball tampering is to alter and interfere with the ball aerodynamics. The cricket laws under law 42 subsection three states that the ball can be polished but without the use of an artificial substance. It allows you to remove mud or dry it when it is wet using a towel any other action to alter its condition makes it illegal.
Many players have been found in ball tampering scandals that include scuffing it with a sharp object, rubbing it on the ground and tampering with the seam of the cricket ball. Many of the players tamper with the ball to achieve more favorable bowling conditions. Some of the best cricket players such as Rahul David have applied sweetened saliva, lip balm and picked the seam to enhance swinging.
Match fixing occurs when games are played violating the rules of the game. Such matches have a predetermined result and in most cases, it is the bookmakers approaching players to throw matches for business gain, or some other palyers or relatives betting on cricket and proposing to share the wins. Match fixing has happened in both domestic and international cricket. It attracts serious penalty from the ICC code of ethic rules.
Example that hit the cricket sport in the history of the game
As years go controversy continues to explode with time. In some instances, people have even questioned the survival of the a tournament due to the scandals. Some of the scandals that shaped the history of the game include:
The Bodyline scandal
In 1932-1933 in the game between Australia and England, there was a huge problem. The Australian team had always put the English team bowling on the sword for the previous test matches and in the game, they were to do it again. To counter the Australian team tactics the English captain, Douglas Jardine applied bodyline tactics. The tactic involved their fast bowlers aiming for the short pitch deliveries towards the batman’s body.
The idea was that the Batman was to defend himself and would hit the ball to giggle the fielders who were near his legs. The fielders would take the catch and dismiss the batsman. According to the results, this strategy worked wonders because England team won the famous cricket trophy the Ashes and the performances were extraordinary. The bodyline scandal was a public relations disaster because many players from the Australian team were injured and it took a political dimension when Australia threatened to withdraw from the Commonwealth. The scandals soured the relations between the two countries and it led to the change of rules when the number of close fielders the captain can put behind the umpire was limited to two. Although in the long term neither the change of rules nor Bodyline scandal stopped Bradman to dominate contests until he retired in 1948.
The South African cricket icon Hansie Cronje affair
Cronje was the captain of the South African team in the 1990s. He seemed to have embodied everything about South African cricketing team success. His attributes of tough, talented, uncompromising made him of the best players in the South African team because he had a way of bringing the best out of his players. However, at one point it turned out that the player took money from bookmakers to fix a match. The allegations rocked the cricketing game, and he gamed up the captain in disgrace and was banned for a lifetime in 2000.
The team was left to pick the pieces because their best player was no longer eligible to play due to the ban. The whole tale had a tragic ending when Cronje died in a plane crash in 2002. Although his name is still inked in the South African team cricket history, it has become synonymous with the bookmaking and the sports dark past.
The Shakoor Rana debacle arguing with the umpire
In 1987, English cricket world was turned on the head. A flaming row broke out between Pakistan umpire Rana Shakoor, and England captains Gatting Mike out of something trivial. Shakoor argued that Mike Gatting cheated in moving the fielder behind the batsman when the bowler Eddie Hemmings was still bowling. Swearing and finger pointing ensued and in the next day’s match Shakoor refused to play until Mike Gatting apologized.
In the end, Mike said sorry, the match continued, but the cricket relations and tour between Pakistan and England was marred. In fact, England team never visited Pakistan again for over 13 years since the event. Because of the events, Gatting was relieved of his captaincy in the summer for a late night drinking spree with a barmaid and Rana Shakoor disappeared into obscurity. Although the argument was not nasty, it leads to the introduction of a neutral umpire’s panel organized by ICC. This umpires crack squad travel around the world officiating matches between national sides. The board has helped bring respect between players and the laws of the game.